“Growing Pains”: History’s Theory of Everything

There’s a huge push in my Emergency Management classes to ingrain us with community-building values. Over and over I’m told (and I believe) that 1. the best way to respond to an emergency is to let local leaders direct the resources, 2. that the best way to keep people safe is to make sure they’re connected to each other* and to processes/institutions (neighborhood watches, hospitals), and 3. that the best way to prepare for or rebuild after a disaster is to be responsive to the ones who have to live in the houses you’re building**.

It turns out to be a very democratizing process if you do it right. And it also happens to synergize very well with the internet and social media. (Think about how Twitter aided the democratizing process in Arab Spring).

The following blog post from Raptitude summarizes a “Grand Historical Theory” that explains why community building is so important and so powerful. [And secondarily, why I, for one, am hugely in favor of net neutrality. Allowing corporations to control the speed of the internet for profit would create a hierarchy which would degrade the powerful crowd-sourcing democracy that’s happening on the internet.] I’m going to give a bullet pointed version of Raptitude’s summary (whoa, so meta), but I highly urge you to read the article. It’s short, interesting, and well written.

1. Early man roamed about in small groups where everyone grew up with everyone else and understood all the viewpoints in their society (represented by knowing each person very well). Decisions were made by consensus–a long, boring, but equal process.

2. As we grew into cities and towns, societies were too large for everyone to know or even understand everyone else so hierarchies formed in order to organize society. This silenced all except for the those at the top. When they wanted to make a new society (America, for instance), it was those at the top who made the laws and processes of getting work done.

3. But the printing press and now the internet allowed anyone (almost–although it’s getting more and more accessible) to write and disseminate their viewpoint and opinions. We began to reincorporate society… or to put it another way, we began to dismantle hierarchy. Which has been painful (French revolution, American revolution, civil rights, LGBT marriage equality, etc.) But it’s happening and it’s awesome and we should encourage that.

Because it makes our world safer, healthier, and better.

* So there was this study done of two neighborhoods who experienced a tremendous heat wave. In the wealthier neighborhood the death rate was much higher than in the other poor neighborhood (very unusual). Authorities couldn’t explain it until they realized that the poor neighborhood was made up of minority groups who had stronger ties with one another. They would look in on one another¬†to make sure people were ok. Elders in the wealthier neighborhood didn’t have anyone to call 9-1-1 if they collapsed from heat stroke. So connecting people to people keeps everyone safe by leveraging social ties to get information disseminated.

** In an earthquake zone in India, NGOs used to come in and build villages with cinder block houses. Sturdy, square. But the square huts fell over in the next earthquake while the more traditional mud huts stood firm. It took a while for NGOs to figure out that the simple mud huts stood during earthquakes while Western styled houses–though cement– fell because the huts were round and could resist the movement of the earth in every direction. Squares get warped. Since then EMs have learned that you can’t just import solutions out of context. You have to listen to the community because they know these things.


Net Neutrality: an Emergency Manager’s Perspective

Today, I watched John Oliver’s net neutrality video.

I get so frustrated with the cable company’s assurances that consumers won’t notice any change with a two-tiered system. How stupid do they think we are? They have no motivation to treat us “right” when they have a monopoly. Furthermore, why would I give up a freedom I enjoy to pay for it? I went ahead to the FCC’s comment section¬†and wrote my own letter to the FCC in the comment section.

Dear Mr. Wheeler,

It is my job as an American citizen and as an Emergency Manager to prepare our country for disasters. If you allow corporations to tamper with the internet, you will be the architect of the most insidious disaster our country is likely to see. In short: 1. the internet is the first truly democratized process in this country. It is a tool for change and affects not only the future direction but day-to-day lives of the American people–ALL people, Mr. Wheeler, including you, your cronies, the cable companies, and the poorest of the poor. Do you want to be the man who silenced a nation?

2. The internet is the fastest information disseminating tool we have. Highly useful in times of emergency. Don’t tie up our ability to save people’s lives and property with a private company’s red tape.

3. The internet is our last great potential. It is humanity’s very breath containing crowd-sourced science, art, discussion, and dreams-turning-reality. I leave you with this example: During Fuukishima’s meltdown, the Japanese government was reticent about releasing contamination information. When they did release numbers, they were inconsistent and untrustworthy. A common Japanese citizen used the internet to educate the public about radiation and how to detect it. He crowd-sourced radiation detection and collected a database disseminating up-to-date health and safety information for the Japanese public who could access the data freely and easily. You will not convince me that net neutrality is not a moral imperative, Mr. Wheeler.

Do not let this proposal pass. The result could never be worth the money.

That’s what I wrote. What did you write?